MARY,Queen of Scots 1553
Rare, British Hammered coins, Milled coins, Tokens
& Medallions - Numismatics of England, Scotland & Ireland
Mary Testoon with Crowned Bust Wingate Cope
During the reign of Mary, Queen of Scots it was a new era in the coinage of Scotland. During this period the first early pieces produced by the mill and screw process appeared. The influence of fine renaissance from Europe.
John Achesoun received permission to produce dies with the portrait of the Queen of Scotland on and show them to the French Court.
The Testoon shows a crowned youthful head to the right,
bust richly dressed, an M.M. cinquefoil with the ledgend
cinquefoil . MARIA . DEI. GRA . R . SCOTORVUM
On the reverse there is a crowned escutcheon between the
two cinqifoil; M.M. cross, ends slightly potent and the ledgend
+ . DA . PACEM . DOMINE . 1553
This coin is the finest extant
pre 1880's the coin sold for 61 gbp
The Testoon shows a crowned youthful head to the right,bust richly dressed, an M.M. cinquefoil with the ledgend On the reverse there is a crowned escutcheon between the two cinqifoil; M.M. cross, ends slightly potent and the ledgendThis coin is the finest extantThe Testoon shows a crowned youthful head to the right,bust richly dressed, an M.M. cinquefoil with the ledgend On the reverse there is a crowned escutcheon between the two cinqifoil; M.M. cross, ends slightly potent and the ledgendThis coin is the finest extant
Mary I (known as Mary, Queen of Scots and, in France, as Marie Stuart)
(8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587)
Queen of Scots from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.
She was the ony surviving legitimate child of King James V. She was six days old when her father died and made her Queen of Scots. Her mother, Mary of Guise, assumed regency and her daughter was crowned nine months later.
In 1558, she married France, Dauphine of France, who ascended the French throne as Francis II in 1559. However, Mary was not Queen of France for long; she was widowed on 5 December 1560.
After her husband's death, Mary returned to Scotland, arriving in Leith on 19 August 1561. Four years later, Mary remarried, choosing her first cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, as her second husband. Their union turned unhappy and in February 1567, Darnley was found dead in the garden at Kirk o'Field, after a huge explosion had taken place in the house.
She soon married James Hepburn, 4the Earl of Bothwell, who was generally believed to be Darnley's murderer. Following an uprising against the couple, Mary was imprisoned in Loch Levern Castle on 15 June and forced to abdicate the throne in favour of her one-year-old son, James VI. After an unsuccessful attempt to regain the throne, Mary fled to England seeking protection from her father's first cousin, Queen Elizaeth I, whose kingdom she hoped to inherit. Elizabeth, however, ordered her arrest, because of the threat presented by Mary, who was considered the rightful ruler of England by many English Catholics.
After a long period of custody in England, she was tried and executed for treason following her alleged involvement in three plots to assinate Elizabeth and place herself on the English throne.
Mary was executed in 1587 for approving yet another plot against Elizabeth. see above and Walsingham, the head of Elizabeth's secret service gained knowledge of these plots.
The Elizabethan armies were a heavy cost to the countries purse until 1600. This was an interesting period as the English navy began to rule the seas and British colonies were started in America.
Prior to Elizabeth death in 1603, she named the Scottish King, James VI, the son of Mary to succeed her. The war with Spain slowly disappeared post the death of Philip in 1598.
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